At Carol Johnson CPA, the careful management of your finances is our top priority. We pride ourselves on giving you personalized and thorough service that meets your business or individual needs.
We provide a full range of tax and accounting services for our clients and offer consulting services for special needs.
At Carol Johnson CPA, we assist our tax clients through efficient compliance and effective planning to help them realize substantial savings. We use a team approach and focus on timely communication to provide our clients with excellent service. Tax partner and specialist involvement ensure that our clients receive the most experienced technical expertise we have to offer.
We offer the following tax services:
Federal, State and International Business Tax Services
Tax Return Compliance
Preparation of federal, state and international tax returns is the core of our tax services. High-levels of technical and industry specific expertise allow our tax professionals to ensure our clients’ tax returns are prepared efficiently and timely.
We help businesses structure economic transactions in ways that minimize the tax impact by advising them on acquisitions, sales and mergers.
Accounting Method Reviews
We review businesses’ tax accounting methodologies for proper accounting and accounting method strategies to maximize income tax benefits.
Transfer Pricing Studies
Our transfer pricing specialists can provide your business with consultations and studies to assist you with determining appropriate "arms'-length" pricing among related companies.
Research Credit Calculations
We can help your business determine if it is eligible to claim certain federal and state research credits, assist with the documentation requirements and quantify the amount of the tax credit.
Real Estate Cost Segregation Studies
At Carol Johnson CPA, we have proven cost segregation strategies that can be used to accelerate real estate tax depreciation deductions for businesses. This results in a deferral of taxes which in turn increases cash flow.
Cost segregation works by separating the costs of property from the building, land acquisition or construction costs. This benefits your business because the property has a shorter useful life for depreciation purposes when it stands on its own than when it is combined with the longer lived building or land.
There are certain limitations surrounding cost segregation. It can only be performed on buildings constructed, acquired, enhanced or expanded in 1986 or later. Additionally, certain industries tend to have buildings with the most potential for tax deferral and improved cash flows. These industries include but are not necessarily limited to the following:
- Auto dealerships
- Hospitals and medical facilities
- Industrial facilities
- Manufacturing facilities
- Office buildings
- Retail stores and shopping centers
- Apartment or condominium complexes
- Supermarkets and restaurants
Audit & Appeal Representation
We possess the expertise and experience to represent taxpayers before tax authorities. Our tax professionals understand the dispute resolution and appeals process and work diligently to obtain you the most favorable results.
International Tax Assistance
Business is becoming increasingly international. More companies than ever deal with foreign tax issues at some level and this will only increase with continued globalization. At Carol Johnson CPA, we can help you navigate the complexities of a variety of international tax planning issues including the following:
- Choosing the most advantageous type of entity and corporate structure
- Subpart F income determinations
- Foreign tax credit utilization
- Using IC-DISC for tax reduction
- Transfer pricing
- Foreign earnings repatriation
- Foreign withholding and reporting obligations
- Treaty interpretation
State and Local Tax Specific Services
Nexus Consulting and State Tax Liability Analysis
We can help you understand and navigate where your business is required to file and pay state and local taxes based on multistate activities. Additionally, we will make recommendations of where to file and quantify potential tax liabilities associated with various state and local jurisdictions.
Sales and Use Tax Determination
We can assist you to understand the sales and use tax consequences of specific transactions and ensure you meet any filing requirement.
Tax Planning Services
Federal Income Tax Planning
We aid businesses with all aspects of federal income tax planning. This includes implementing federal income tax strategies that maximize savings, increase profits and manage cash flows.
State and Local Tax Planning
Our team understands the structural and transactional underpinnings of state and local regulations in ways that allow us to create solutions that mitigate tax liabilities. We provide state and local tax planning in the following areas:
- Income tax
- Franchise tax
- Sales and use tax
- Property tax
- Other miscellaneous taxes
Business Succession Tax Planning
You spent your life building your business and now you want to pass it on to the next generation or sell the value you built. We advise businesses on the proper succession planning to preserve your family and business legacy while also looking out for potential tax consequences that may result.
Other Tax Services
Accounting for Income Taxes
Financial accounting for income taxes can be complex. Our professionals have the technical skills and experience to help our clients navigate through these complex requirements and create efficient income tax accounting and reporting. We also help companies stay up-to-date with regulatory guidance and disclosure requirements. The services we offer allow our clients to minimize year-end surprises and reduce risk related to reporting. These services include:
- Calculation of tax provisions
- Account for uncertain tax positions
- Analyze current and deferred taxes
- Prepare financial statement footnote disclosures
We keep our clients up-to-date on the latest federal, state and international tax issues through webinars, newsletters, website postings and face-face to meetings. By staying ahead of tax issues, we can communicate how they will impact your operations quickly and address them in a timely manner.
Individual Tax Services
When it comes to individual taxes, change provides opportunity. We keep on top of these changes to provide you with the best advice and strategies, especially through planning opportunities. You can depend on us for objective guidance and personal attention. We believe in focusing on your long-term financial goals and steering your current needs in a direction to meet them.
Estate and Trust Tax Services
If you have not considered what will happen to your hard earned assets as you age and eventually pass on, you should. Without an estate plan, the wealth you worked your entire life to build will be distributed according to state law and not according to your wishes. Estate planning is crucial if you want to minimize taxes and distribute as much as possible to your preferred beneficiaries.
We will work with you to design an estate plan customized to your particular needs by utilizing a variety of planning vehicles such as family limited partnerships, trusts and charitable entities. Our team can assist you by performing the following:
- Review wills and trust instruments.
- Estimate estate taxes and strategize alternatives that may provide tax savings.
- Review business issues including valuation and the transfer and/or disposition of business interests.
- Identify potential liquidity problems caused by federal and state estate taxes for the continued operation of the family business, probate, administration costs, etc.
- Develop a lifetime gifting program using vehicles such as family limited partnerships, charitable trusts and qualified personal residence trusts
- Prepare estate, gift, fiduciary and non-profit tax returns
- Advise you on the possible use of various trusts structures; including charitable remainder trusts, grantor annuity trusts, personal residence trusts, family partnerships, credit shelter trusts, marital deduction trusts and revocable lifetime trusts.
Looking for a little information right now? View the latest Tax and Financial News article in our Newsletter.
Carol Johnson CPA, only audits privately held companies. Concentrating on privately held companies means we are free from public company regulations reporting deadlines, disclosure complexities and risk management issues. As a result, we can focus on what really matter to you and your business.
Audits are usually performed because an outside third party requires an auditor’s opinion on the financial statements. Audits are performed for the purpose of expressing an opinion about whether the financial statements are fairly presented and that they conform with generally accepted accounting principles or another financial reporting framework.
Audits are the most comprehensive of all the attest services. Auditing procedures include testing accounting records and examining evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Evidence is obtained through inquiries, analytical procedures, physical inspection, observation, and through independent confirmation. Additionally, audits require an understanding of the entity and its internal controls.
There are certain assurances that audits are not designed to provide. An audit does not provide assurance on or aim to identify deficiencies in internal control. The work performed as part of an audit does give us an understanding of how your company and financial reporting function. This means we may be able to identify issues related to internal controls, processes, inefficiencies, cash flows problems as well as company and industry trends. As a result, the work performed during an audit may allow us to provide you with general business advice based on the insights gained during the engagement.
Reviews are usually performed to satisfy third parties that want to be assured that the financial statements are not materially misstated. They provide a lesser degree of assurance to financial statement users than an audit. Also, unlike an audit, there is no expression of an opinion on the financial statements, testing of controls or financial data. Reviews essentially consist of inquiries of company personnel and analytical procedures applied to financial data.
Compilations provide the lowest level of assurance of the financial statements services. They are often required by outside third parties as well as internally by companies.
In a compilation we assist management in presenting their financial information as financial statements in the proper form. Compilations also require us to acquire an understanding of the client’s industry and to obtain specific knowledge about the client. Additionally, we read the financial statements and ensure they are free from obvious material errors. They provide no expression of an opinion on the financial statements.
Agreed Upon Procedures
Agreed upon procedures are performed when the parties involved concur that they want the accountant to perform a specific procedure or set of procedures. They can be useful when you or a third party wants some comfort about a specific area such as inventory or cash, but do not need the assurance and related time and expense of a full audit or review. Agreed upon procedures can deal with a diverse variety of subject matter such as the quality of collateral or due diligence related to a business acquisition. In all cases, agreed upon procedures are solely the responsibility of the parties who specify them and they never provide an opinion on the subject matter or financial statements.
Visit our set of Financial Calculators for quick answers on topics such as your IRA, investments, your child's college tuition, and your mortgage or credit card calculations.
At Carol Johnson CPA, our business is to know and understand your financial situation. We offer services beyond compliance and combine our experience, expertise and knowledge to add value as a trusted advisor to your financial situation.
We offer the following consulting services:
Every organization can benefit from being introspective, skeptical and analytical regarding their finances. We work with organizations to develop the predictive capabilities necessary to adapt to rapid changes and outperform their peers. Specifically, we can help you with:
- Driving growth from new markets and opportunities.
- Enhance cash management through working capital optimization and better capital allocation.
- Improve finance operations by focusing on operational effectiveness, financial analytics as well as budgeting and forecasting.
- Enable efficient regulatory compliance.
- Effectively manage risk by identifying sources and improvements to mitigate high risk areas.
Business valuations enable you to accurately determine the value of a business and its components. It is essential that you know what a business is worth whether you are buying, selling, involved in litigation or planning your estate. Our highly trained and experienced professionals work with attorneys, other accountants and financial institutions to ensure you are represented fairly. Our business valuation team is comprised of Certified Valuation Analysts (CVA), Accredited Senior Appraisers (ASA) and accountants Accredited in Business Valuation (ABV). Additionally, they are experienced in testifying in both Federal and State courts. Here is a complete list of business valuation services we provide:
- Marital dissolution
- Partner or shareholder dissolution
- Economic damages or bankruptcy
- Purchase price allocation
- Asset impairment testing
- Intellectual property valuations
- Buy and sell agreements
- Purchases or sale of a business
- General business planning
Bankruptcy and Insolvency Services
Carol Johnson CPA, Bankruptcy and Insolvency Group provides financial advisory services to Chapter 11 and Chapter 7 bankruptcy trustees, debtors, unsecured creditors and estate fiduciaries. We can aid you in formal insolvency proceedings, out of court corporate wind-downs, reorganizations and liquidations. Details of the various services our bankruptcy and insolvency group offers are detailed below:
- Facilitate electronic records retrieval
- Identify hidden assets
- Assist with asset sales
- Assist with document requests
- Perform claims, insolvency and fraudulent transfer analyses
- Prepare required tax returns
- Provide expert testimony
- Assist with the software set-up to segregate pre- and post-petition activity
- Bankruptcy schedule preparation
- Prepare cash flows and budget to actual analysis
- Perform claims analyses
- Provide guidance to development of a viable reorganization plan
- Prepare required tax returns
- Assess the reasonableness of cash flows
- Analyze budgets to actuals
- Perform preference analyses
- Investigate insider transactions
- Search for fraudulent transfers and asset misappropriations
- Analyze solvency
- Prepare reports and provide expert testimony
- Assist with the sale of hard assets
- Assist with negotiating private sales of intangibles
- Develop causes of action to recover assets
- Distribute estate assets to creditors on the basis of priority ranking
Fraud is an ever present and growing problem for business organizations. It can go undetected for years and is often committed by “trusted” employees. Fraud impacts nearly every organization regardless of size and the costs can be substantial.
At Carol Johnson CPA, our forensic accounting team is comprised of highly trained Certified Fraud Examiners (CFE’s) and accountants Certified in Financial Forensics (CFF’s). We believe the best way to deal with fraud is to prevent it. Our approach goes beyond looking at the numbers to analyze and interpret them and understand the story they tell. We assess and protect organizations from fraud through a rigorous step by step approach as follows:
- Evaluate your organization’s overall fraud risk.
- Identify possible fraud schemes with an eye toward industry specific criteria.
- Rate any recognized schemes and analyze risk tolerance.
- Develop policies, procedures and strategies to mitigate the fraud.
- Implement and test detection and prevention against future fraud.
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